KACST/CALTECH Annual Workshop

  24/04/2017       27/04/2017

The Arabian Peninsula is one of Earth’s largest arid regions. However, in past climatic regimes, precipitation was 50% to 100% higher, forming fossil aquifers that represent a substantial part of the ground water in the Arabian Peninsula today. Currently, the Arabian Peninsula is using more groundwater than is replenished. Climate changes predicted for the coming decades will only make the situation worse. Thus, new tools must be brought to the effort to measure the inputs and outputs of the hydrological cycle so that the limited water resources can be sustainably managed.

The dramatic expansion in the quantity and quality of available satellite data enable a synoptic but high-resolution perspective on changes at the Earth’s surface associated with both natural and anthropogenic processes. These data afford us the possibility of addressing critical issues that are fundamental to Earth science while at the same time play key roles in strengthening societal resilience.

The aim of the workshop focused on the annual outcomes for the cooperation program between KACST and Caltech that related to Earth water resources, natural hazards and surface changes. Several presentations have been delivered for many stakeholders that help to assess the applicability of InSAR technology in the Kingdom with an emphasis on the following key project themes: Data Visualization (Eyes on the Earth); Radar Exploration of Desert Aquifers (REDA); Earth Surface Change Science (ESC); Water Resources Science (H2O); Advanced Rapid Imaging and Analysis (ARIA). This workshop also has included examples and overview of what InSAR could provide in case of Flooding and its applications in measuring the time series of earth surface changes (US & KSA examples for existed deformation). The workshop has provided a short tutorial on GIAnT application to KACST researchers.